Linen's poor elasticity means that it easily wrinkles. Flax is grown in many parts of the world, but top quality flax is primarily grown in Western European countries and Ukraine. Linen’s association with bedding and the origin of the word comes from the fiber’s close association with throws, bed sheets and ropes since … Proverbs 31:22 says, "She makes coverings for her bed; she is clothed in fine linen and purple." It is smooth, making the finished fabric lint-free, and gets softer the more it is washed. Linen wrinkles very easily, and thus some more formal garments require ironing often, in order to maintain perfect smoothness. Flax and hemp are the most commonly available bast fibers prepared for spinning. The thin cambium layer lies between these regions. [1], There are many references to linen throughout the Bible, reflecting the textile's entrenched presence in human cultures. It has a long staple (individual fiber length) relative to cotton and other natural fibers.[39]. [12] The Sumerian poem of the courtship of Inanna mentions flax and linen.[13]. Textiles in a linen weave texture, even when made of cotton, hemp, or other non-flax fibers, are also loosely referred to as "linen". Dyed flax fibers found in a cave in Southeastern Europe (present-day Georgia) suggest the use of woven linen fabrics from wild flax may date back over 30,000 years. Linen is especially popular for suits worn in tropical climates. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Linen is another bast fiber made from the stalk of flax plants. University of Minnesota, 2003, "Profiles of 15 of the world's major plant and animal fibres", "Linen Most Useful: Perspectives on Structure, Chemistry, and Enzymes for Retting Flax", Flax and Linen Textiles in the Mycenaean palatial economy, "Flax to Fabric: The Story of Irish Linen", "The Development of Textile Technology: Inside the TextilTechnikum (Textile Technology Center) in Monforts Quartier, Mönchengladbach", "Background history of Linen from the flax in the field to finished linen cloth", "What Is Linen? The earliest written documentation of a linen industry comes from the Linear B tablets of Pylos, Greece, where linen is depicted as an ideogram and also written as "li-no" (Greek: λίνον, linon), and the female linen workers are cataloged as "li-ne-ya" (λίνεια, lineia). They brought improved methods for linen production with them, contributing to the growth of the linen industry in Ireland in particular. Bast Fiber. [19][20], By the Middle Ages, there was a thriving trade in German flax and linen. The Lower Rhine was a center of linen making in the Middle Ages. Everything You Need to Know About Using and Caring for Linen", "How quickly do fashion materials biodegrade? However, the very finest linen has very consistent diameter threads, with no slubs at all. In Europe, however, linen is usually the only fabric support available in art shops; in the UK both are freely available with cotton being cheaper. Due to its strength, in the Middle Ages linen was used for shields, gambesons, and bowstrings; in classical antiquity it was used to make a type of body armour, referred to as a linothorax. It is so often used for bed coverings that we call them simply – linens. [33], In Judaism, the only law concerning which fabrics may be interwoven together in clothing concerns the mixture of linen and wool, called shaatnez; it is restricted in Deuteronomy 22:11 "Thou shalt not wear a mingled stuff, wool and linen together" and Leviticus 19:19, "...neither shall there come upon thee a garment of two kinds of stuff mingled together." Thus linen is considerably more expensive to manufacture than cotton. The flax plants we use are grown in Belgium and require little or no irrigation, pesticides or fertilizers. Linen is very strong and absorbent and dries faster than cotton. [citation needed] For example, the Tarkhan dress, considered to be among the oldest woven garments in the world and dated to between 3482 and 3102 BC, is made of linen. [citation needed] In the Ulster Museum, Belfast there is the mummy of 'Takabuti' the daughter of a priest of Amun, who died 2,500 years ago. The floured couche makes a "non stick" surface to hold the dough. 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